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5. Environmental Report

5 Environmental Report

  • Detailed report on the reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, energy savings and CO2 equivalent reduced from recycling.
  • End Fate report for aluminum, plastic, glass, polycoat and other materials.

5.1 Environmental Report

The Government of British Columbia has adopted public policies intended to promote a low-carbon economy. As a stewardship agency operating under a provincial regulation, Encorp compiles applicable data, and analyzes and reports on the impacts of its stewardship activities.

In 2021, Encorp recycled 89,284 metric tonnes of used beverage containers. The energy saved through the recycling of these materials has been converted into tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e), the common measure of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, based on the US Environmental Protection Agency’s Waste Reduction Model (WARM). The avoided emissions published in this report were calculated using the WARM version 13 [06/14] (Refer to End Fate table in Section 5.2).

In total, Encorp’s activities in 2021 contributed to the reduction of about 110.2 thousand tonnes of CO2e being released into the atmosphere, compared to 105.5 thousand tonnes in 2020 and 104.8 in 2019 baseline. The higher CO2e reduction is primarily attributed to the increase in the volume of aluminum and plastic containers, which contributes to higher emissions savings by recycling.

While recycling has an overall net benefit in terms of energy and emissions savings, the recycling process itself requires energy and thus has GHG emissions associated with it. When estimating net savings, Encorp calculates the GHG emissions specifically associated with its stewardship activities.

Since Encorp is not a manufacturing company, the majority of its associated GHG emissions come as a result of transporting materials as well as heating and powering its network of facilities. The calculation of GHG emissions is based on the following methodology.

Methodology

As a Climate Smart certified business, Encorp conducted its GHG emissions inventory according to the Greenhouse Gas Protocol Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard, Revised Edition. The GHG Protocol is an internationally recognized standard published by the World Resources Institute and the World Business Council for Sustainable Development.

Organizational Boundaries

Encorp used the operational control approach to determine its organizational boundary and included in its inventory all operations over which it has operational control. The following facilities were included in Encorp’s inventory:

The utility activities below were included in Scope 3 because of a lack of operational control, as these facilities are operated by Encorp’s vendors.

Inventory Boundaries

The GHG Protocol requires the inclusion of Scope 1 and 2 emissions, and suggests including Scope 3 emissions from activities relevant to an organization’s business and goals, and for which reliable data can be obtained. Encorp included emissions from the following activities under Scopes 1, 2 and 3:

Scope 1: includes direct GHG emissions from sources that are owned or controlled by the reporting company or organization

Scope 2: includes indirect GHG emissions from purchased electricity and purchased heat

Scope 3: includes indirect GHG emissions that are consequences of the reporting company’s operations but occur at sources owned by another company

Scope 3 emissions from waste were excluded from the inventory because of a lack of available data.

Emissions from waste are likely immaterial compared to Encorp’s total inventory.

Scope 3 emissions from staff commuting were also excluded due to Encorp switching to a hybrid work model. Emissions from staff commuting were likely immaterial in 2021 due to the majority of staff working from home.

Emission Factors

This inventory was conducted using the emissions factors from the Climate Smart web-based greenhouse gas management tool. The Climate Smart GHG management tool was designed for adherence to the GHG Protocol. Climate Smart’s emissions factors come from a variety of sources, such as Environment Canada, the GHG Protocol Initiative, the US Environmental Protection Agency and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Climate Smart reviews its emissions factors annually to update them based on refined industry methodology and changing electricity grids.

Scope 1
Scope 1 emissions totalled 46.92 tCO2e in Encorp’s 2021 calendar year, down by 5% since baseline year.

Slide the table left and right. (Scroll bar is below table.)
Activity Baseline
2019 (tCO2e)
CY 2021
(tCO2e)
Absolute
Change (tCO2e)
% Change Justifications &
Additional Notes
Scope 1
Heat 49.29 46.92 -2.37 5% Estimated consumption unchanged. Decrease in emissions due to change in heating intensity factor.
Grand Total 49.29 46.92 -2.37 5%  


Scope 2
Scope 2 emissions totalled 4.61 tCO2e in Encorp’s 2021 calendar year, up by 95% since baseline year.

Slide the table left and right. (Scroll bar is below table.)
Activity Baseline
2019 (tCO2e)
CY 2021
(tCO2e)
Absolute
Change (tCO2e)
% Change Justifications &
Additional Notes
Scope 2
Electricity 2.36 4.61 2.24 95% Estimated consumption unchanged. Increase in emissions due to change in electricity emissions factor.
Grand Total 2.36 4.61 2.24 95%  

Scope 3
Scope 3 emissions totalled 11,235.37 tCO2e in Encorp’s 2021 calendar year, down by 4% since baseline year.

Slide the table left and right. (Scroll bar is below table.)
Activity Baseline
2019 (tCO2e)
CY 2021
(tCO2e)
Absolute
Change (tCO2e)
% Change Justifications &
Additional Notes
Scope 3
Electricity
(Unmetered/Unbilled)
61.80 91.7 29.9 48% Due to change in electricity emissions factor and variability of data (extrapolation based on beverage unit volume processed).
Heat
(Unmetered/Unbilled)
3485.21 5373.53 1888.32 54% Due to variability of data (extrapolation based on beverage unit volume processed).
Transporting
People – Road
44.85 41.88 -2.97 -7%  
Transporting
People – Water
0.67 0.42 -0.25 -38%  
Transporting
People – Air
19.78 2.54 -17.23 -87%  
Transporting
Goods – Road
6563.90 4866.33 -1,697.56 -26% Due to change in diesel fuel intensity factor.
Transporting
Goods – Water
675.32 11.52 -663.80 -98%  
Transporting
Goods – Rail
356.12 337.16 -18.95 -5%  
Equipment 436.31 491.25 54.94 13%  
Paper
Consumption
69.98 19.03 -50.94 -73% Due to ceasing of paper usage in various operations and switch to QR codes.
Grand Total 11,743.07 11,235.37 -507.7 -4%  

5.2 Container Recycling End Fate Report

All containers collected by Encorp in 2021 were shipped to recyclers for further processing into new material in accordance with Section 8 of the Recycling Regulation.


Slide the table left and right. (Scroll bar is below table.) (Scroll bar is below table.)
Material Type Fate of Material
(2021)
Containers Sold (% of total) Recovery % (by weight) Energy savings Weight diverted from landfill (mt) Tonnes CO2 reduced
Aluminum Aluminum cans were sold to a large recycler of aluminum and producer of flat-rolled aluminum product, shipped to their production facilities in the US and turned back into sheet stock for new cans.

Video:
Aluminum Can Recycling Process
39.49% 79.93% 93% 6,312 63,643
Plastic Plastic containers were sold to a Canadian recycler of plastic material and shipped to their facilities in British Columbia and Alberta. The commodity is then cleaned and pelletized to become new raw material for manufacturers of various plastic products, including new containers, strapping material and fibres.

Video:
Plastic Bottle Recycling Process
38.45% 73.98% 86% 11,344 13,396
Glass Glass containers were processed in British Columbia and shipped to a manufacturing plant that produces fibreglass insulation in Alberta; a facility that produces new glass bottles in Seattle, USA; and a facility that manufactures sandblasting materials in Quesnel, BC.

Video:
Glass Bottle Recycling Process
14.00% 86.72% 34% 69,410 24,135
Polycoat 85.5% of polycoat containers collected were sold to a manufacturer of building boards, which are used as an alternative to traditional wallboards, roofing, floor underlayment, ceiling tiles and structured insulated panels. They are then shipped to their facility in Des Moines, Iowa. The remaining 14.5% of polycoat containers were sold to a Canadian recycler, who shipped the material to end recyclers in India and Mexic,o where the fire from the polycoat was recycled and used to make the white top layer of boxboard. The plastic film and aluminum were used to make plastic lumber. In Mexico, the fibre was also recycled into tissue paper.

Video:
Gable Top Cartons and Drink Box Recycling Process
6.88% 63.17% 53% 1,519 8,036
Pouches Encorp has found a viable end market through a recycler in New Jersey, who is using this material to make products such as composite decking, buckets, storage totes, and non-food-grade containers and trays. 0.68% 23.60% 53% 13 15
Bag-In-Box The plastic bladders inside the Bag-In-A-Box containers were shipped to the same end recycler in New Jersey, who is using this material to make composite decking, buckets, storage totes, and non- food-grade containers and trays. Cardboard from the outer layer of the box was recycled by local processors. 0.32% 47.76% 53% 525 620
Bi-Metal Other metal containers, including bi-metal, were sold to scrap metal dealers for metal recovery. 0.18% 76.76% 82% 162 327
2021 Total 100% 83.41% 89,284 110,172
2020 Total 100% 83.20% 89,976 105,461